A broken nose is the most common type of facial fracture. In most cases, it occurs after a traumatic injury and can become more complicated when accompanied by other facial or a neck injury.
Serious nose injuries where the nose looks deformed, where breathing is difficult, or when bleeding will not stop require immediate medical attention.
If a broken nose is suspected, do not try to straighten the nose. Also, never move someone if there is a reason to suspect a more serious head or neck injury.
Signs of a broken nose:
- Misshapen appearance.
- Bruising under the eyes.
- Bleeding from the nose.
- Pain and swelling.
- Difficulty breathing though the nose.
If a broken nose is suspected, remain calm. Breathe through the mouth and lean forward. This will stop the blood from going back down the throat. Without applying too much pressure, apply a cold compresses, and to relieve pain, acetaminophen (Tylenol) is recommended.
Seek medical assistance if:
- Bleeding will not stop.
- A more serious head or neck injury is suspected.
- The nose is misshapen.
- The person is having difficulty breathing.
- Clear fluids draining from the nose will not stop.
- A suspected blood clot in the septum (the wall in the center of the nose that divides the left and right airway).