Nasal polyps are noncancerous growths that hang down in the nasal passage. They are caused by chronic inflammation, which is most often the result of other conditions such as: infections, allergies, or other immune disorders.
Polyps can become an issue when breathing is obstructed or when the growth causes ineffective drainage of the sinuses resulting in infection. Decreased sense of smell is also a common problem related to polyps.
Treatment for polyps includes: medication, and/or surgery.
Most patients with nasal polyps have no symptoms, therefore, require no treatment. Those that do have symptoms often complain of a loss of taste and smell, and nasal drainage that is discolored. Symptoms can worsen when aspirin is taken for some individuals.
Nasal polyps can almost always be treated effectively with medication and/or surgery, although it is not uncommon for polyps to comeback after they have been treated.
Medication for polyps usually includes: steroid pills and nasal steroid sprays. Sometimes more aggressive topical therapies such as steroid rinsing or nebulization are necessary. For those patients whose polyps cannot be managed medically, surgery is usually most effective.